Written by Nolan Alisago (News Writer)
The Nuclear Forces Treaty was first signed by President Ronald Reagan and the Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev in December of 1987, and this was the first and only nuclear arms control agreement that ever eliminated a class of nuclear weapons. Currently the chief among the campaign to abolish nuclear weapons (ICAN) which was awarded the nobel peace prize in 2017 declared that through the executive director Beatrice Fihn that the coming into force was “a new chapter for nuclear disarmament. Decades of activism have achieved what many said was impossible: nuclear weapons are banned.”
The United Nations General Secretary António Guterres in a statement commended all the countries whose ratification of the accord, approved by 122 nations at the General Assembly in 2017, who have helped bring the ban on weapons this far, singling out the work of civil society groups. Mr Guterres said that he was looking forward to doing his part in facilitating the process toward eliminating all nuclear weapons which include buying, selling, and making nuclear weapons.
The countries who have signed the treaty are smaller countries who are more vulnerable and could easily get wiped out by someone mis-using nuclear weapons. The treaty declares that the countries ratifying it must “never under any circumstance develop, test, produce, manufacture or otherwise acquire, possess or stockpile nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices.”
The countries who have not yet signed the treaty so far are the main nuclear powers of the United States, the United Kingdom, Russia, China and France, have not yet signed the treaty. These countries who have not yet signed the treaty are very powerful countries who are a lot larger than many of the countries who have already signed the treaty.
In the Second World Warwe saw the first use of the nuclear weapon after the attack of Pearl Harbor. Now that everyone has seen the destruction that nuclear weapons have caused this is why some countries are fighting to have them banned.